Air Pollution Kills as Many People as Cigarettes

Latifa Moosajee, Atlanta.

American Lung Association: “State of the Air 2019.”

PLOS Medicine: “Particulate Matter Air Pollution and National and County Life Expectancy Loss in the USA: A Spatiotemporal Analysis.”

The New England Journal of Medicine: “Ambient Particulate Air Pollution and Daily Mortality in 652 Cities.”

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: “Fine-scale damage estimate of particulate matter air pollution reveal opportunities for location-specific mitigation of emissions.”

The Guardian: “Air Pollution is the ‘New Tobacco,’ warns WHO head.”

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: “Effects of Fossil Fuel and Total Anthropogenic Emission Removal on Public Health and Climate.”

Richard Muller, PhD, professor emeritus, University of California, Berkeley; founder and scientific director, Berkeley Earth.

Berkeley Earth: “Air Pollution and Cigarette Equivalence.”

Journal of the American Medical Association: “Association Between Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Change in Quantitatively Assessed Emphysema and Lung Function.”

Journal of the American Medical Association: “Lung Cancer, Cardiopulmonary Mortality, and long-term Exposure to Pine Particulate Air Pollution.”

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: “Long-term Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Lung Cancer in a Large Cohort of Never-smokers.”

Arden Pope, PhD, professor of economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.

American Lung Association. “What’s in a Cigarette?”

Union of Concerned Scientists: “Cars, Trucks, Buses and Air Pollution.”

Union of Concerned Scientists: “Coal and Other Fossil Fuels.”

United States Environmental Protection Agency: “The Science Behind Wildfire Smoke’s Toxicity.”

Chest: “Air Pollution and Noncommunicable Diseases: A Review by the Forum of International Respiratory Societies’ Environmental Committee, Part 1: The Damaging Effects of Air Pollution.”

Chest: “Air Pollution and Noncommunicable Diseases: A Review by the Forum of International Respiratory Societies’ Environmental Committee, Part 2: Air Pollution and Organ Systems.”

Dean Schraufnagel, MD, professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Marcelo Coelho, app designer, Paris.

Amaury Martiny, app developer, Paris.

White House Office of Management and Budget: “2017 Draft Report to Congress on the Benefits and Costs of Federal Regulations and Agency Compliance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.”

American Journal of Epidemiology: “Retirements of Coal and Oil Power Plants in California: Association with Reduced Preterm Birth among Populations Nearby.”

National Bureau of Economic Research: “Traffic Congestion and Infant Death: Evidence from E-ZPass.”

Journal of the American Medical Association: “Impact of Changes in Transportation and Commuting Behaviors During the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta on Air Quality and Childhood Asthma.”

California Air Resources Board: “Wildfire Smoke: A Guide for Public Health Officials.”